Tags: drugs | treatment | of | macular | degeneration | macular | degeneration

Age Related Macular Degeneration: Top 5 Drugs That Work

Tuesday, 15 Mar 2011 03:13 PM

Age related macular degeneration is a medical condition that results in distortion or loss of vision in the macula or center of the visual field in older adults due to damage to the retina. It is of two forms; “dry” and “wet." It is one of the major causes of visual impairment in adults, usually above the age of 50. This condition may hamper recognition of faces in those affected, but leaves enough peripheral vision to allow continuation of regular daily activities.

Although surgery is one of the most common treatment options, there are a number of FDA approved and unapproved drugs that have been known to reduce impairment in older adults or at least partially restore lost vision. Some of them are included here.

1. One of the most used drug treatments for macular degeneration is Lucentis or Ranibizumab, which was approved by the FDA in June 2006. This macular degeneration drug treatment is known to partially cure the most advanced or the “wet” form of macular degeneration in adults by inhibiting the proteins called VEGF or Vascular endothelial growth factor. VEGF promotes the growth of new blood vessels in the body, and usually promotes the growth of abnormal vessels in the retina which hinder eyesight.

2. Macugen or Pegatanib sodium is another newer drug treatment for macular degeneration which attacks the VEGF protein in the eye. This drug treatment for macular degeneration is administered through injections in the eye and needs treatment every six or seven weeks from start of the treatment. Macugen has been known to reduce vision loss in adults and is a very effective drug treatment for macular degeneration.

3. Visudyne was one of the first drug treatments for macular degeneration and has been approved for the treatment of the wet form of macular degeneration. It is highly effective in those patients who have new blood vessel growth which is also known as neovascularisation. It is administered as an injection in the arm. This drug for macular degeneration is passed through the retinal blood vessels and activated by shining a low energy laser beam in the eye.

4. VEGF Trap-Eye is another one of the drug treatments for macular degeneration although it is not yet FDA approved. This is also administered through the eye and is known for inhibiting the formation of abnormal blood vessel growth in the retina occurring due to excess VEGF.

5. iSONEP is an effective drug treatment of macular degeneration that is in the early stages of clinical trials. It involves the administration of an antibody into the eye and has the same treatment methods as the previously discussed drugs. It also reduces the excess amount of fibrous tissue and inflammation.

© Newsmax. All rights reserved.

PLEASE NOTE: All information presented on Newsmax.com is for informational purposes only. It is not specific medical advice for any individual. All answers to reader questions are provided for informational purposes only. All information presented on our websites should not be construed as medical consultation or instruction. You should take no action solely on the basis of this publication’s contents. Readers are advised to consult a health professional about any issue regarding their health and well-being. While the information found on our websites is believed to be sensible and accurate based on the author’s best judgment, readers who fail to seek counsel from appropriate health professionals assume risk of any potential ill effects. The opinions expressed in Newsmaxhealth.com and Newsmax.com do not necessarily reflect those of Newsmax Media. Please note that this advice is generic and not specific to any individual. You should consult with your doctor before undertaking any medical or nutritional course of action.

Keeping you up to speed on Lifestyle, health, and money-saving tips
Get me on Fast Features
Keeping you up to speed on Lifestyle, health, and money-saving tips
Zip Code:
Privacy: We never share your email.
Follow Newsmax
Top Stories

Newsmax, Moneynews, Newsmax Health, and Independent. American. are registered trademarks of Newsmax Media, Inc. Newsmax TV, and Newsmax World are trademarks of Newsmax Media, Inc.

America's News Page
©  Newsmax Media, Inc.
All Rights Reserved