Dissociative identity disorder (DID) is characterized by the presence of two or more distinct states of personality or identities. It is a form of multiple personality disorder. Dissociative identity disorder behavior includes amnesia, which causes people to forget personal information that they may use on a daily basis. Studies show that dissociative identity disorder may have a physiological basis like a head injury, drug addiction, or abuse.
The signs of dissociative identity disorder can be seen across a wide spectrum of ages. In children, dissociative identity disorder symptoms include relating experiences to different people in addition to themselves. This is a result of emotional stress during childhood. Adults suffer from gaps in memory, severe headaches, and may even try to harm themselves, depending on the intensity of dissociative identity disorder.
Dissociative identity disorder may require extensive psychotherapy to help patients develop a rapport with their different personalities and eventually get rid of them. This forms part of the treatment process. Some signs of dissociative identity disorder overlap with other physical disorders and mental health disorders. For example, sadness exhibited by the patient may be a result of some other disorder that is not a part of dissociative identity disorder behavior. Cases of coexisting depression can be tricky and require expert medical diagnosis and intervention.
Dissociative identity disorder symptoms and traits include self-mutilation, lack of awareness of individual behavior, chaotic lifestyles, and hallucinations. Hallucinations may include internal voices and visuals, time lapses, or distortions in time. Patients cannot understand how they get to a certain place and even fail to recognize samples of handwriting and objects owned by them. They develop gaps in their memory for periods ranging from three to five years. Children with dissociative identity disorder traits may forget their childhood memories for years on end.
The two "D’s" of dissociative identity disorder symptoms are depersonalization and derealization. Depersonalization refers to a state where the patient loses all attachment and association with themselves. The patient feels as though they are living someone else’s life and fails to relate to their own. Derealization is a symptom where the patient cannot relate to the surrounding environment; everything seems extremely strange and unreal. With dissociative identity, the patient becomes more dominating. However, this control over others is imaginary.
Dissociative identity disorder may also occur in people who appear to be very normal and healthy. Some people may have a few symptoms and still lead normal, creative, and productive lives. Thus, determining the intensity of dissociative identity disorder is crucial in deciding whether the patient requires medication.
Sufferers may forget weddings, birthdays, and important events like the birth of a child. Some patients travel and forget how they reached their destination in the first place. They might not even recognize their personal items and possessions. Unfortunately, dissociative identity disorder behavior is often misdiagnosed as chronic lying. The problem is that patients do not recall the things they said or did. Often, family and friends assume that these people are lying.
© Newsmax. All rights reserved.