Diabetes is a very serious and rising health concern. Diabetes is characterized by abnormally high blood glucose levels which can lead to serious health complications if left uncontrolled over time. There are several risk factors that can be important to keep in mind if you think that you or a loved one could be at risk.
The condition known as type 2 diabetes is often seen to develop in people over the age of 45 and there can be a high correlation in those who are overweight and inactive. There are several risk factors that everyone should be aware of that include:
1. A relative with diabetes including a sibling or parent
2. High blood pressure
3. Cholesterol numbers of HDL below 35mg/dL or triglyceride reading of over 250mg/dL
4. A sedentary lifestyle with less than three times a week exercise of 30 minutes.
5. Family background of African American, Native Alaskan, Native American, Hispanic, or Pacific Islander
6. Gestational diabetes in the past or having given birth to a baby 9 pounds or heavier.
7. A history of cardiovascular disease
8. Polycystic ovary syndrome or PCOS (only in females)
The more risk factors you have, the higher the chances that you could develop diabetes. It may be time to visit your doctor to see if they feel you should have a screening done by a fasting glucose test or other lab work.
Aside from these clinical and family history risks, there are some symptoms that everyone should be aware of, if you have had some of these symptoms, it may be a sign that it is time to see your doctor.
The list of symptoms includes increased hunger or thirst, sudden unexplained weight loss, fatigue, blurred vision, sores or bruises that are slow to heal, and increased urination, especially occurring overnight.
If you have more than one of the risk factors and you are experiencing any of these symptoms , then a doctor's assessment of your condition is certainly a good idea. Knowing the risk factors and the symptoms of diabetes and catching it early can lead to your best chances of taking better care of yourself for improved health.
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