In the U.S. alone, 23.6 million people have been diagnosed with diabetes. This condition causes high levels of glucose in the blood in response to the body’s inability to process or to use naturally produced insulin.
Diabetes is divided into two subtypes:
• Type 1 Diabetes
: Also called juvenile diabetes or insulin-dependent diabetes, this chronic condition results when the pancreas produces little or no insulin, a hormone which allows glucose to enter the body’s cells and produce energy. It is thought that Type 1 diabetes is caused by a combination of genetics and environmental factors. A cure does not yet exist for this disease.
• Type 2 Diabetes
: Far more common than Type 1, the second subset of diabetes occurs when the body becomes resistant the effects of insulin or ceases to make enough. Like Type 1 diabetes, this type of diabetes is thought to be connected with genetics and certain environmental factors which are still unknown. Being overweight is also strongly linked to Type 2 diabetes, although not all sufferers are overweight.
Among the millions who live with diabetes in the United States, many well-known figures have been diagnosed as diabetics. Some of these individuals are:
• Luther Vandross (singer)
• Neil Young (musician)
• Tommy Lee (musician)
• Jean Smart (actress)
• B.B. King (musician)
• Jerry Garcia (musician)
• Aretha Franklin (singer)
• Elizabeth Taylor (actress)
• Mary Tyler Moore (actress)
• Jerry Lewis (comedian, actor)
• Dick Clark (entertainer)
• Halle Berry (actor)
Both types of diabetes can be treated through various methods. A healthy diet, physical activity, monitoring blood sugar, insulin injections, oral medications, or surgery can help diabetics to live a long and healthy life.
For more stories about diabetes, see:
Diabetes Diet Tips
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