Cataracts: Symptoms and Treatment

Thursday, 23 Sep 2010 05:04 PM

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A cataract is a clouding of the eye lens. This can affect the vision in one or both of the eyes. Symptoms of cataracts do not spread from one eye to another, but they do cause clouding of vision in the eyes. This generally occurs in people over 60. Most cataract symptoms are related to age, but there are other varieties that can come earlier in the life of a patient. Eye cataract symptoms can also arise due to eye trauma, radiation exposure, chemical exposure, and other direct or indirect injuries to the eye.
 
Initial cataracts symptoms include:
  1. Cloudy or blurry vision: is the main cataract symptom that is present in almost all patients who are affected. Keep in mind that there can be many reasons for cloudy vision including both glaucoma and macular degeneration.
  2. Faded colors: As the lens protein starts getting cloudy, this will make the colors appear faded and dull. These cataract symptoms are common in patients who have already experienced cloudy vision.
  3. Glare and halos: Bright lights can cause the eye to water and a few patients also experience bright halos or colored rings around lamps or in the sunlight. These cataract symptoms may not appear in every patient.
  4. Poor night sight and double vision during the day time.
  5. Frequent eyeglass changes: As the lens gets filled up with cloudy protein, patients start finding it more and more difficult to read from both short and long distances. They tend to get stronger eyeglasses that do help for a short period of time, but eventually the lens gets completely filled, resulting in a complete loss of vision.
These are the top five cataract symptoms. Cataract symptoms will vary from person to person. It’s a good idea to get a complete medical and ophthalmic checkup done to distinguish symptoms of cataracts from other eye diseases.

Most ophthalmologists recommend carrying out a comprehensive eye check for cataract symptoms. Procedures that are done include a visual acuity test, a dilated eye exam, and tonometry. Once the cataracts symptoms are confirmed, one could opt for cataract surgery. The procedure is completely safe with minimal side effects. Always consult a doctor before the surgery and discuss any continuing medications. One can get a clear opinion after discussing with the doctor and, 90% of patients do experience much better vision after the surgery.  

After the surgery, patients may experience mild itching, eye pain, discomfort, and sensitivity to light and cold. These symptoms will diminish with time. Healing should be complete after eight weeks.

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