Body Dysmorphic Disorder (BDD) is a mental disorder defined as a preoccupation with perceived defects in one’s appearance. It is referred to as the “ugliness syndrome” by the media. Earlier known as dysmorphophobia, the condition has been renamed as body dysmorphic disorder (BDD) by the American Psychiatric Classification. Most sufferers are preoccupied with one region of their body, especially facial figures like the nose, skin, hair, eyes, lips, or chin.
Usual complaints made by body dysmorphic disorder (BDD) patients include thinning hair, wrinkles, acne, scars, paleness or redness of complexion, vascular markings, excessive hair, etc. While most BDD symptoms are quite specific, a number of symptoms can be vague and elusive.
Other conditions frequently observed in those with body dysmorphic disorder (BDD) are apotemnophilia (wanting to amputate a body part), social phobia, skin-picking and trichotillomania (self-pulling of hair), obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD), and hypochondriasis (morbid health anxiety).
Various treatments available for dysmorphic syndrome include cognitive behavioral therapy and anti-obsessional medication. Antidepressants are also used for treating BDD, along with antipsychotic drugs.
Some drugs used for treating body dysmorphic order (BDD) are:
This medicine is used to selectively inhibit presynaptic serotonin reuptake with no effect on dopamine. This medication is effective in treating BDD symptoms. It is a slow metabolizer and used for the treatment of somatoform disorders.
This is a potent inhibitor of serotonin reuptake and has fewer adverse reactions than other tricyclic antidepressants. When treating BDD, a higher dosage may be required than that used for treating depression.
This drug is used in the treatment of BDD, because it allows the balance of serotonin to be restored, which may be unbalanced in those wtih BDD.
This is yet another SSRI drug used to treat somatoform disorder, but should be consumed in isolation without any combination of other drugs, because it can cause adverse side effects and depression.
This is used in the management of panic disorder, anxiety disorders, and OCD. This SSRI drug should be administered only through a physician’s prescription.
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