Autism spectrum disorder is a thoroughly researched area of neurological and behavioral studies. The results of extensive research are directly applied to test groups of children to study and understand the efficacy of the research results.
The latest medical breakthroughs address potential solutions for autism treatment. Autism breakthroughs are also geared towards developing a better understanding of diagnosing autism symptoms that may or may not be an integral part of the autism spectrum.
Genetic studies and metabolic research have contributed to autism spectrum breakthroughs in 2009. Genetic profiling of certain chosen chromosomes has shown that autistic children have a different genetic makeup on chromosome eleven. The development of glutamate receptors is closely linked to the affected part of the chromosome. These receptors are vital for the normal functioning of the brain and its other related processes. The lack of sufficient and healthy glutamate receptors might explain some common problems that fall under the broad category of the autism spectrum.
Commonly observed autism symptoms in children are:
- cognitive problems
- learning disorders
- mild to severe speech impairment
- gastrointestinal problems
- sleeping disorders
- lack of concentration
- inability to pay attention to detail
Scientists have now developed a urine test that might help detect autism in children. This is among the biggest autism breakthroughs. Autistic children have problems with the absorption and digestion of food — the lining of their gut has intestinal bacteria with a markedly different blueprint as compared to normal children. The analysis of their urine shows that these children have a distinct metabolic urine fingerprint that is different from that of other children.
Autism treatment can start immediately once the test results are confirmed. It saves the parents and the child many traumatic years of trying to understand the problem and coming to terms with it.
Another amazing discovery that is a part of the studies and autism breakthroughs is an intelligent speech test software. The software can be loaded onto a PC to determine the speech patterns of a child who is displaying autism symptoms. The software has helped doctors diagnose autism symptoms with an accuracy of nearly eighty six percent. Autistic spectrum disorders include the inability to pronounce words correctly. This is another autism breakthrough in 2009.
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