Attention deficit disorder is categorized into three subtypes:
1. Behavior marked by hyperactivity and impulsivity, but not inattentiveness.
2. Behavior marked by inattentiveness, but not hyperactivity and impulsiveness.
3. Behavior marked by a combination of the above two attributes.
The successful treatment of the condition is usually based on a combination of medication, behavioral therapy, cognitive therapy, and skills training.
Psychostimulants are the primary drugs used to treat the condition. These drugs stimulate the central nervous system and have a calming effect on patients. They include:
1. Methylphenidate (Ritalin, Concerta, Metadate, Daytrana)
2. Dexmethylphenidate (Focalin)
3. Amphetamine-Dextroamphetamine (Adderall)
4. Dextroamphetamine (Dexedrine, Dextrostat)
5. Lisdexamfetamine (Vyvanse)
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