Rosacea: Treatments and Tips

Friday, 05 Nov 2010 09:32 AM

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What is rosacea?
Rosacea is a chronic inflammation of cheeks, nose, chin, or eyelids. It is also called acne rosacea. Women ages 20 to 40 are affected by the condition most frequently, though rosacea can also affect men.

It is not acne.
Although rosacea is often confused with acne, the two are entirely different. At this point in time, no definite cause of rosacea has been identified. Certain treatments such as microderm abrasion to cure acne may cause rosacea. Use of topical steroids can also be a common cause of the condition.

What causes rosacea?
Some triggers such as stress, anxiety, extreme temperature, smoking, and strenuous exercise increase the blushing tendency of skin, thereby provoking rosacea. All of these factors damage the small facial capillaries, leading to blood leaks in various parts of the face, which gives rise to rosacea. In rare cases, rosacea can even affect the eyes – it may also show spider-like blood vessels on the cheeks and nose, accompanied by a burning sensation. Patients with rosacea skin are often mistaken as drunk.

How can rosacea be cured?
  • Rosacea skin is sensitive to sunlight, so avoiding exposure to sun and using hats with broad brims can help.
  • Alcohol and smoking should be curtailed while undergoing rosacea treatment.
  • Rosacea treatment includes following a strict rosacea diet. Fish oil supplements may be added to the diet along with berries.
  • Another good rosacea treatment is the use of mild face wash.
  • Non-surgical face-lift exercises help treat rosacea.
  • Topical and oral antibiotics are the first line of rosacea treatment to reduce redness and intensity of flare.
  • Organic jojoba or safflower oil is also non-allergic to rosacea.

What is laser rosacea?   
  • Vascular laser therapy has been in use for rosacea treatment since 1980.
  • Pulse dye laser is a well-known rosacea laser that corrects dilated blood vessels.
  • KTP laser and diode laser are newer forms of rosacea lasers.
  • The CO2 rosacea laser is used to correct the thickness and shape of the nose.
  • Intense pulsed light is a breakthrough in rosacea treatment with minimal side effects.

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