Paranoid Personality Disorder: Top Five Symptoms

Tuesday, 26 Oct 2010 11:59 AM

  Comment  |
   Contact  |
  Print   |
    A   A  
  Copy Shortlink
Paranoia implies thinking characterized by exceedingly great anxiety or fear, the fear or anxiety being illogical or irrational. Persecutory beliefs are a typical characteristic of such thinking. These beliefs cause patients to suffer from a perceived threat toward themselves. Historically, this characterization was used to describe any delusional state. In modern psychiatry however, paranoia is diagnosed in the following forms:
  1. Paranoid Personality Disorder
  2. Paranoid Schizophrenia (a subtype of schizophrenia)
  3. Persecutory Delusions (a subtype of delusional disorder)
Paranoid personality disorder is a chronic and pervasive psychological condition distinguished by thoughts and behaviors that are disruptive in nature. This disorder is thought to affect one to two-percent of U.S. adults.

Symptoms may often resemble schizophrenia. Research indicates that there may be a genetic link between these two disorders. Individuals with Paranoid Personality Disorder are at a greater risk for experiencing depression, substance abuse, and agoraphobia.
 
The signs and symptoms of paranoid personality disorder include:

1.Chronic and pervasive distrust and suspicion of others.
2. Feelings that one is being lied to, deceived, or exploited by other people.
3. One may constantly believe that friends, family, and romantic partners are untrustworthy and unfaithful.
4. Frequent outbursts of anger in response to perceived deception.
5. One is often described as cold, jealous, secretive, and serious.
6. One is always looking for hidden meanings in gestures and conversations.

Paranoid traits seem to be genetic in origin. A possible genetic link between this personality disorder and schizophrenia is believed to exist. Apart from genetic factors, psychosocial theories attribute paranoid personality disorder to negative internal feelings and parental modeling.
 
Diagnosis, Exams, and Tests
Personality disorders are diagnosed through psychological evaluation of the patient. The history and severity of symptoms also play a key role in conducting this analysis.
 
Treatments for Paranoid Personality Disorder
 Paranoid personality disorder is generally treated with psychotherapy. Cognitive-behavioral therapy is also effective in helping individuals adjust their distorted thought patterns, and maladaptive behaviors. Other therapy approaches include group therapy and psychodynamic therapy. In some cases, medication is used in combination with psychotherapy.
Commonly prescribed drugs include antidepressants, anti-psychotics, and anti-anxiety medications. Medications alone are not a recommended treatment for personality disorders and it is advisable to use them in combination with psychotherapy.

© Newsmax. All rights reserved.

  Comment  |
   Contact  |
  Print   |
  Copy Shortlink

PLEASE NOTE: All information presented on Newsmax.com is for informational purposes only. It is not specific medical advice for any individual. All answers to reader questions are provided for informational purposes only. All information presented on our websites should not be construed as medical consultation or instruction. You should take no action solely on the basis of this publication’s contents. Readers are advised to consult a health professional about any issue regarding their health and well-being. While the information found on our websites is believed to be sensible and accurate based on the author’s best judgment, readers who fail to seek counsel from appropriate health professionals assume risk of any potential ill effects. The opinions expressed in Newsmaxhealth.com and Newsmax.com do not necessarily reflect those of Newsmax Media. Please note that this advice is generic and not specific to any individual. You should consult with your doctor before undertaking any medical or nutritional course of action.

Keeping you up to speed on Lifestyle, health, and money-saving tips
 
 
Get me on Fast Features
Keeping you up to speed on Lifestyle, health, and money-saving tips
 
Email:
Country
Zip Code:
Privacy: We never share your email.
 
Follow Newsmax
Top Stories

Newsmax, Moneynews, Newsmax Health, and Independent. American. are registered trademarks of Newsmax Media, Inc. Newsmax TV, and Newsmax World are trademarks of Newsmax Media, Inc.

 
NEWSMAX.COM
America's News Page
©  Newsmax Media, Inc.
All Rights Reserved