Epilepsy: The Top Five Drugs

Wednesday, 29 Sep 2010 11:46 AM

Share:
  Comment  |
   Contact Us  |
  Print  
|  A   A  
  Copy Shortlink
Epilepsy is a common chronic neurological disorder characterized by recurrent, unprovoked seizures. These seizures are transient signs and/or symptoms of abnormal, excessive, or synchronous neuronal activity in the brain. A majority of epileptic seizures are controlled by drug therapy, particularly using anticonvulsant drugs. The type of treatment prescribed depends on several factors including the frequency and severity of the seizure and the person's age, overall health, and medical history.
 
Anti-epileptic drugs are also called "anti-convulsants" since they prevent convulsions. Some prefer to call them anti-epileptics because not all forms of epilepsy involve convulsions. Many drugs are available to treat epilepsy. Several of them have been released only recently.

The five most important drugs used to treat epilepsy include:
 
1. Dilantin or Phenytek
 
2. Phenobarbital

3. Tegretol or Carbatrol,

4. Mysoline

5. Zarontin
 
 
Other Drugs
Other drugs include: Depakene, Depakote, Depakote ER, Valium, and similar tranquilizers such as Tranxene and Klonopin. Newer drugs to treat epilepsy include: Felbatol, Gabitril, Keppra, Lamictal, Lyrica, Neurontin, Topamzx, Trileptal, and Zonegran.
 
It is preferable to stick to one drug, since there is a risk of interaction between anti-epileptic drugs. Indeed, some neurologists say that any patient taking more than one such drug is being mismanaged.
 
Ketogenic Diet
The ketogenic diet has received much attention lately. It is effective for treating certain types of epilepsy. It is used most frequently in children with seizures that have not responded to medical therapy. The diet is usually started at the hospital. If successful, it is often maintained for two to three years.
 
New Treatment
Another relatively new treatment involves electrical stimulation of the vagus nerve. This treatment requires minor surgery to implant a stimulator. It is about the size of a silver dollar. The stimulator is placed under the skin in the upper chest, like a pacemaker. The treatment appears to be effective for seizures that do not respond well to medications alone.
 
Treatment Centers
Some top treatment centers for epilepsy are:
  1. Johns Hopkins Hospital, Baltimore, Md.
  2. Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minn.
  3. Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, Mass.
  4. Cleveland Clinic

© Newsmax. All rights reserved.

Share:
  Comment  |
   Contact Us  |
  Print  
  Copy Shortlink

PLEASE NOTE: All information presented on Newsmax.com is for informational purposes only. It is not specific medical advice for any individual. All answers to reader questions are provided for informational purposes only. All information presented on our websites should not be construed as medical consultation or instruction. You should take no action solely on the basis of this publication’s contents. Readers are advised to consult a health professional about any issue regarding their health and well-being. While the information found on our websites is believed to be sensible and accurate based on the author’s best judgment, readers who fail to seek counsel from appropriate health professionals assume risk of any potential ill effects. The opinions expressed in Newsmaxhealth.com and Newsmax.com do not necessarily reflect those of Newsmax Media. Please note that this advice is generic and not specific to any individual. You should consult with your doctor before undertaking any medical or nutritional course of action.

Keeping you up to speed on Lifestyle, health, and money-saving tips
 
 
Get me on Fast Features
Keeping you up to speed on Lifestyle, health, and money-saving tips
 
Follow Newsmax
You May Also Like

Newsmax, Moneynews, and Independent. American. are registered trademarks of Newsmax Media, Inc. Newsmax TV, NewsmaxWorld, NewsmaxHealth, are trademarks of Newsmax Media, Inc.

 
NEWSMAX.COM
America's News Page
©  Newsmax Media, Inc.
All Rights Reserved