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Non-Hodgkin’s Lymphoma: Top Five Symptoms

Wednesday, 08 Sep 2010 04:22 PM

Hodgkin’s lymphoma is a cancer of the lymphocytes. It is named after its discoverer, Thomas Hodgkin. Lymphocytes are white blood cells found in the lymph system. When these cells become cancerous, they are known as Reed Sternberg cells in the case of Hodgkin’s lymphoma. All other lymphomas, a total of 16 types, are known as Non-Hodgkin’s lymphomas.
These lymphoma cancer cells spread from one lymph node to another, giving these nodes a characteristic knot-like appearance. They are present in visible places such as the neck, armpits, groin, or deeper in the body in areas such as the lungs and abdomen that can only be viewed by radiography.

The most common forms of Non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma are B Cell lymphoma and Follicular lymphoma. This type of cancer is mostly found in adults, however, a small fraction of children have also been diagnosed with lymphoma cancer symptoms.
Non-Hodgkin’s Lymphoma Symptoms
A common Non Hodgkin’s lymphoma symptom in most cases is swollen lymph nodes of different body parts such as armpits etc.or deep-seated spleen enlargement diagnosed by CT scans. The diagnosis, once made, is to be corroborated by biopsy procedure.
Other Non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma symptoms include fever, accompanied with chills and night sweats, both indicative of the person’s low immunity. In fact, Non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma occurs in patients with low immunity such as those with HIV infections or those who have a recent history of organ transplantation.
Further, due to enlargement of lymph nodes in the chest, a patient may have trouble breathing and severe coughing.
If the enlarged lymph node is present in the abdomen, abdominal pain and swelling counts as a Non Hodgkin’s lymphoma symptom.
Lastly, unexplained weight loss along with other symptoms is also indicative of Non Hodgkin’s lymphoma.
Other common lymphoma cancer symptoms are severe itching, constipation, nausea, and vomiting in the case of abdominal swelling and breathlessness in the case of chest swelling.
Further, in case the cancer affects the brain, a person is liable to have continuous headaches and may even suffer from seizures. Accompanying loss of concentration and personality are also observed in patients with Non Hodgkin’s lymphoma.

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