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What Are Head Lice and How Do I Get Rid of Them?

Thursday, 07 Oct 2010 01:52 PM

Do you constantly scratch your head because it itches? This could be caused by head lice. Lice are small brownish or reddish parasites that are easily visible to the naked eye. They suck blood through the scalp. Highly common among younger children, head lice are easily transferred through head-to-head contact or through sharing hair accessories and hats.
One sign that indicates the existence of head lice is constant itching. A normal louse hatches almost five eggs a day.
Usually found in the scalp region, lice can also be found in the neck area as well. Fortunately, a number of head lice treatment methods are now readily available. Some of these are listed below:
  1. Medicated products: Examples include Nix and Rid. Nowadays, a number of over-the-counter head lice remedies are available. Some of these include prescribed medicated shampoos or lotions to get rid of head lice. Such medicated treatment can easily kill lice in just one wash, but it usually takes some time for the scalp to heal from the itch. It is highly essential to read and follow a doctor’s directions as well as the instructions given on the product label, as some of these medications may cause harm to other sensitive areas like eyes.
  2. Combs: You may consider using a fine-toothed head lice comb that can get rid of the head lice, or manually remove and kill the head lice by hand. This is an extremely safe method, but does not guarantee complete clearing of the lice. To make this process easier, wetting hair before combing is a good option.
  3. House Cleaning: Often times, the head lice get stuck in furniture items like beds and sofas. Pillow covers are very common infestation areas for head lice. Therefore, it is essential to vacuum your furniture regularly, because they may be an infestation area for mites. Cleaning bed sheets and other hand cloths in medicated detergent or cleaning alcohol rids the head lice from the house completely and prevents further infestation.
Infestation of head lice is very common among younger children. A weekly check of the hair is recommended for the prevention of head lice. Also, regular checking for signs of lice is also important. Any signs of itching or scratching of the head should be examined through a complete and thorough check of the hair. A good cleaning of the house can also ensure the prevention of head lice.

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