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Gonorrhea: The Latest Medical Breakthroughs

Tuesday, 14 Sep 2010 09:06 AM

Gonorrhea is caused by the bacterium neisseria gonorrhoeae. The gonorrhea infection is a sexually transmitted infection (STI) that can affect both men and women. Symptoms of gonorrhea generally appear between two and ten days after infection. It may even take thirty days for the symptoms of gonorrhea to appear.
In women:
Women suffering from gonorrhea may initially experience bleeding after sex. They may also experience frequent and painful urination. Subsequent symptoms include nausea, fever, vomiting, bleeding between periods, and a yellow or bloody vaginal discharge.

For men:
A man infected with gonorrhea may experience pain while urinating, may urinate frequently, or may have swelling in the testicles. There may also be a white, green, or yellow discharge from the tip of the penis.

A class of antibiotics known as fluoroquinolones including ciprofloxacin (Cipro, Cipro XR), ofloxacin (Floxin), and levofloxacin (Levaquin),  are widely used in the treatment of gonorrheal infection.

Latest research and findings:
Over time, however, some strains of the bacteria have become resistant to certain antibiotics. Due to the increasing resistance of many tested samples of neisseria gonorrhea to these antibiotics (fluoroquinolone drugs), the Center for Disease Control (CDC) now recommends that only one class of antibiotics, the cephalosporins, be used to treat gonorrheal infections. Treating patients with resistant gonorrhea will become more challenging as the number of resistant strains increases. Because of these circumstances, researchers have been working overtime to devise new remedies for gonorrhea, including a vaccine.

Help from nature
Certain herbs and minerals can improve the body's immune function including zinc, multivitamins and mineral complexes, vitamin C, and garlic (Allium sativum). Lactobacillus acidophilus in supplements and live-culture yogurts help replenish gastrointestinal flora destroyed by the intake of antibiotics.
Several herbs help reduce symptoms and speed healing. These include kelp (Macrocystis pyrifera and related species), Calendula officinalis, myrrh (Commiphora molmol), and Thuja occidentalis. These herbs can be taken orally or used as a douche. The Chinese herb Coptis chinensis, used for damp-heat infections, is helpful in treating the genitourinary tract, especially if pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) develops. An herbalist should be consulted to make further recommendations.

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