What Is Implant Dentistry?

Thursday, 11 Nov 2010 04:23 PM

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If you are fed up with wearing dentures and artificial-looking teeth, or worried about what will happen if and when the denture prostheses or artificial dentures were to suddenly fall out, artificial dentistry may be worth considering.

Although fixed replacements are much better, replacing dentures with fixed crowns and bridges can be really expensive and labor intensive. Some patients do not want to cut into two or more teeth to replace a single tooth. So, what should you do in such a situation? Implant dentistry can solve the problem of dentures or crowns and bridges all together.
 
What does implant dentistry do?
Implant dentistry is a vast improvement over conventional dentistry. In this procedure, posts are placed inside the oral bone and left to integrate in place over a period of a month. The implant is then placed over the embedded post. The implant is visible inside the mouth, and it appears completely normal and natural.
 
Can everyone do implant surgery for lost teeth?
No, not every patient can get implants done. The procedure is quite technique sensitive and patient compliance in the form of dental hygiene is very important. The underlying bony support is also quite critical in selecting and using implants. If the bone support is not enough, a bone graft is required that will be able to hold the implant in place. The final placement of the implant is crucial; the implant must be functional and aesthetically pleasing at the same time. Improperly placed implants can cause the bone to be under too much pressure, causing it to dissolve or resorb. This will eventually push the implant out again.
 
What are the success and failure rates of dental implants?
If undertaken carefully, the process does succeed. Dental hygiene is an important aspect of the surgery. The procedure can have a 95% success rate if it is done correctly.

Pain and Bleeding can be a complication of the procedure. But there are chances that patients with underlying medical causes—such as high blood pressure, diabetes, and bruxism—can cause the procedure to fail. Accurate pre-operative care and diagnosis can, however, reduce these risks and complications completely.

Source: The International Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Implants 22 (6): 893–904. PMID 18271370.

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