Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease, also known as COPD, is a term used to describe a set of several lung diseases that block the airflow when you exhale.
COPD is one of the leading causes of illness and death throughout the world, as it makes difficult the exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide in the lungs.
There are many factors that could lead to these conditions, but the most common COPD cause is excess exposure to irritants like chemical fumes, smoke, air pollution, and dust.
Some of most common COPD symptoms include chest tightness, difficulty in breathing, chronic cough, and wheezing. Unfortunately, these COPD symptoms do not really show up till the later stages, after significant lung damage has taken place. This could make the COPD diagnosis a bit of a challenge.
Most COPD patients consult a doctor only when the symptoms start interfering with their daily lives. COPD diagnosis includes CT scan, chest X-ray, sputum examination, analysis of arterial blood gas, and pulmonary function tests. According to COPD guidelines by health experts, people who are at a high risk should go through a pulmonary function test regularly for early detection.
For more information on COPD, see below:
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