Five major indicators of autism

Tuesday, 07 Sep 2010 04:29 PM

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Autism is a neural disorder with no specific or textbook symptoms. While a broad spectrum of traits may identify people with autism, these five characteristics are widely recognized as the most common.
 
Lack of social skills
An autistic child usually displays a complete lack of social skills easily learned by normal children. Lack of eye contact, lack of understanding of non-verbal social communication, lack of social interaction, preferring isolation, lack of interest in group activity, and an inability to understand the other’s point of view are a few symptoms of this disorder.
 
Communication disorders
An inability to communicate or learn methods of communication is a characteristic symptom. Autistic children generally display language impairments and an inability to communicate coherently. A tendency to develop unusual speech patterns including repetition, high-pitched intonation, and lisping that never outgrows itself are a few symptoms of communication deviances.
 
Sensory impairment
The lack of response or over-sensitivity to sensory stimuli is often seen in autistic children. This is characterized by extreme reactions to loud noise or harsh lights or making strong physical contact such as banging into things. Gross and motor dysfunctions that may result in poor handwriting, inability to focus visually, and more may follow.
 
Typecast behavioral pattern
Repetition of particular behavior and speech is a significant indicator of autism. This symptom is characterized by repeating the same actions and/or same word or sentence without any specific aim or attempt at communication. This behavior could also include eating the same kind of food, constantly focusing on one part of something, and obsessive behavior in general.
 
Personality differences
Every autistic child has unique symptoms that differentiate one from the other. This means personality differences that are not special to the child but removed from the norm. Personality differences could include seizures, having one or few passionate interests, unnatural worry about inanities such as weather reports and train schedules, engaging in self-injuring activities, etc.
 
Autism symptoms can only be largely generalized. There are reported cases of extreme depression and anxiety as well. As a result, each autistic child needs to be understood and supported for his/her own unique ways, needs, and symptoms.

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