Pope Wrote Three Encyclicals; Fourth Will Not be Finished

Thursday, 28 Feb 2013 06:58 AM

 

Share:
  Comment  |
   Contact Us  |
  Print  
|  A   A  
  Copy Shortlink

VATICAN CITY — Pope Benedict wrote three encyclicals on spiritual, social, and economic issues during his papacy and was working on a fourth when he decided to become the first Pope in some six centuries to step down instead of reigning for life.

Encyclicals are the highest form of papal writing and give the clearest indication to the world's 1.2 billion Catholics — and to non-Catholics — of what the Pope and the Vatican think about specific social and moral issues.

Here is a list of the encyclicals and brief summaries of their topics.

------

"Deus Caritas Est" (God is Love, 2006)

In the first encyclical of his papacy, Benedict tried to guide Catholics on what they should do in a world where religion was often linked with calls for hatred and violence.

The work ranged in themes from erotic and spiritual love in a personal relationship, to the role of the Catholic Church's vast network of charity organizations around the world.

In one part of the encyclical, the Pope said there was nothing wrong with erotic love between a man and a woman but that it risked reducing sex to a "commodity" it was not part of a higher spiritual love within marriage.

"In a world where the name of God is sometimes associated with vengeance or even a duty of hatred and violence, this message [of love and charity] is both timely and significant," the Pope said, explaining why he chose the theme.

Urgent: Will Jesus Ever Return? Some Are Wondering

"Today, the term 'love' has become one of the most frequently used and misused of words, a word to which we attach quite different meanings," he wrote.

Much of the first half is dedicated to the relationship between "eros", or erotic love, and "agape" (pronounced ah-gah-pay), the Greek word referring to unconditional, spiritual and selfless love as described in Scriptures.

The Pope acknowledges that in the past the "Church, with all her commandments and prohibitions" was seen as having been "opposed to the body".

But he warns that contemporary society's way of exalting the body at all costs is deceptive and dangerous. "Eros, reduced to pure 'sex,' has become a commodity, a mere 'thing' to be bought and sold, or rather, man himself becomes a commodity," he said.

------

"Spe Salvi" (In hope we were saved, 2007)

Benedict said atheism was responsible for some of the "greatest forms of cruelty and violations of justice" in history.

In an appeal to a pessimistic world to find strength in Christian hope, Benedict urged Christians to put their hope for the future in God and not in technology, wealth, or political ideologies.

History has proven wrong ideologies such as Marxism which say humans had to establish social justice because God did not exist, the Pope wrote.

"It is no accident that this idea has led to the greatest forms of cruelty and violations of justice," the Pope said. Such a concept was grounded in "intrinsic falsity".

Marxism, the Pope wrote, had left behind "a trail of appalling destruction" because it failed to realize that man could not be "merely the product of economic conditions."

------

"Caritas in Veritate" (Love in Truth, 2009)

Benedict called for a "world political authority" to manage the global economy and for more government regulation of national economies to pull the world out of the current crisis and avoid a repeat.

The encyclical called for a re-think of the way the world economy was run. It touched on a number of social issues but its main connecting thread was how the economic crisis has affected both rich and poor nations.

Parts of the encyclical upset free marketers because of its underlying rejection of unbridled capitalism and unregulated market forces, which he said had led to "thoroughly destructive" abuse of the system and "grave deviations and failures".

The Pope said every economic decision had a moral consequence and called for "forms of redistribution" of wealth overseen by governments to help those most affected by crises.

------

In late 2012, the Vatican announced that the Pope was working on a new encyclical on the subject of faith and that he would conclude it in the first half of 2013.

It would have concluded a trilogy on the three theological virtues follow the earlier ones on hope and charity.

© 2014 Thomson/Reuters. All rights reserved.

Share:
  Comment  |
   Contact Us  |
  Print  
  Copy Shortlink
Around the Web
Join the Newsmax Community
Please review Community Guidelines before posting a comment.
>> Register to share your comments with the community.
>> Login if you are already a member.
blog comments powered by Disqus
 
Email:
Retype Email:
Country
Zip Code:
Privacy: We never share your email.
 
Hot Topics
Follow Newsmax
Like us
on Facebook
Follow us
on Twitter
Add us
on Google Plus
Around the Web
You May Also Like

Ukraine: Russian Aid Convoy Is a 'Direct Invasion'

Friday, 22 Aug 2014 08:55 AM

Russia sent dozens of aid trucks into rebel-held eastern Ukraine on Friday without Kiev's approval, saying its patience  . . .

Cameron: Viewing, Sharing Beheading Video a Crime in UK

Thursday, 21 Aug 2014 10:22 AM

The U.K. government reminded police of their power to arrest people distributing terrorist literature, including the vid . . .

Kiev Says Two Russian Armored Vehicles Captured in East Ukraine

Thursday, 21 Aug 2014 09:10 AM

Ukraine's military on Thursday said its forces in the east of the country had captured two Russian armored vehicles with . . .

Most Commented

Newsmax, Moneynews, and Independent. American. are registered trademarks of Newsmax Media, Inc. Newsmax TV, NewsmaxWorld, NewsmaxHealth, are trademarks of Newsmax Media, Inc.

 
NEWSMAX.COM
America's News Page
©  Newsmax Media, Inc.
All Rights Reserved