Government Can Create Private-Sector Jobs

Image: Government Can Create Private-Sector Jobs A man walks past an advertisement for an IPhone outside an Apple reseller in Beijing. (Getty Images)

Tuesday, 26 Mar 2013 11:13 PM

By Bradley Blakeman

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The U.S. government is capable and should encourage its agencies to create private-sector jobs through smart, timely and effective policy and incentive.

For the past few years we have been in an economic funk in America — high unemployment, high-energy costs, low consumer confidence and a feeling that our future will not be as bright for future generations.

So, now more than ever is the time for the public and the private sectors
to join forces to better our country.

One such example for government creating jobs can be found in the least likely agency — the Federal Communications Commission.

Recently, FCC chairman Julius Genachowski said that our economy needs “growth engines” and that few sectors have more job-creating innovation potential than broadband, particularly mobile broadband. He’s right, and policymakers from both parties can agree on ways to improve job growth through broadband.

To address growing consumer demand for mobile broadband service, the FCC auctioned valuable spectrum licenses to wireless service providers during the past decade. In turn, these providers invested billions of dollars to deploy next-generation high-speed mobile broadband networks.

These new advanced broadband networks have spurred innovation that delivered smartphones, a multi-billion-dollar apps economy and a mobile network that nearly 36 percent of all Americans now use exclusively for their communications needs.

These successes, however, have driven even greater consumer reliance on, and demand for, data-intensive apps and services on smartphones, tablets, and other mobile devices. As a result, spectrum is being devoured by these mobile services.

The FCC can build on the proven economic engine of wireless networks and address the current spectrum shortage by identifying additional spectrum that can be allocated and auctioned to wireless providers for their exclusive use to serve America’s mobile consumers.

The agency also can move quickly to carry out Congress’ mandate that recently relinquished broadcaster spectrum be made available at auction and re-purposed for consumer mobile broadband services. And just for good measure, it should speed its decision-making process for private spectrum transactions currently pending before the agency.

A vibrant digital economy requires a regulatory framework that promotes 21st-century wireless and wireline infrastructure. Today, incumbent local exchange carrier (ILEC) wireline networks remain stuck in the last century, in terms of technology and regulation.

These copper-based networks, first deployed in 1878, were designed primarily to provide voice telephone service when no other network or voice service was available to a consumer.

While consumers today communicate using many alternative broadband services and providers — including voice over IP (or “VOIP”), wireless, e-mail, text, and gaming platforms — current FCC rules require only incumbent telephone companies to maintain and operate two redundant networks — the old copper network and the advanced high-speed broadband IP networks to which millions of consumers are migrating.

The FCC has made clear that the nation needs to retire outdated non-broadband copper lines and replace them with 21st-century IP-based high-speed broadband data networks that consumers need and demand.

Many consumers already have made this transition, abandoning the traditional voice network for IP-enabled voice services. In fact, one out of three American homes now relies on wireless-only technologies, according to the U.S. National Health Interview Survey.

Wireless Internet access, according to the Pew Trust, is greater in Latino and African-American communities than in the population at large, suggesting that much of this so-called “cord cutting” occurs among people previously harmed by the wireline digital divide.

The FCC can respond to this new reality in telecommunications, foster capital investment and economic growth by accelerating the nation’s transition to all-IP networks. It can authorize beta-trials to test the transition to IP networks and services in select neighborhood service areas.

Many questions about the IP transition remain. The trials are a good way to start addressing them.

Our nation has seen this trial model work before. Prior to the digital television (“DTV”) broadcast transition, the FCC conducted a successful trial in Wilmington, N.C. that helped to answer regulatory questions and offer logistical insights into how a national transition could best proceed while protecting consumers.

Beta trials of a complete transition to IP networks in select neighborhood service areas would provide the FCC with an opportunity to oversee and monitor the transition and examine how best to implement a national transition.

The consumer benefits provided by wireless and next-generation IP broadband networks are significant. The capital investment resulting from building more wireless network infrastructure and transitioning to wireline IP networks will not only positively impact job creation and economic growth, it will also help us achieve the president’s goal of 98 percent of U.S. residents having access to high-speed mobile broadband service within the next four years.

The FCC example can be replicated in every agency of our federal government. Every federal agency's mission should be to say, “What can we do for America?” not what can they do to America?

The standard by which government should act is: if it is moral, legal, ethical, there is a need, it makes sense and will make a difference — we do not want to hear the 10 ways it can’t be done. We want to hear the one way it can be done.

Now is the time to act. Now is the time for government to help be a private-sector job creator.

Bradley A. Blakeman served as deputy assistant to President George W. Bush from 2001-04. He is currently a professor of Politics and Public Policy at Georgetown University and a frequent contributor to Fox News Opinion. Read more reports from Bradley Blakeman — Click Here Now.

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